What is the most efficient way to deep clone an object in JavaScript?

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What is the most efficient way to clone a JavaScript object? I’ve seen obj = eval(uneval(o)); being used, but that’s non-standard and only supported by Firefox.

I’ve done things like obj = JSON.parse(JSON.stringify(o)); but question the efficiency.

I’ve also seen recursive copying functions with various flaws.

I’m surprised no canonical solution exists.

First answer

Note: This is a reply to another answer, not a proper response to this question. If you wish to have fast object cloning please follow Corban’s advice in their answer to this question.

I want to note that the .clone() method in jQuery only clones DOM elements. In order to clone JavaScript objects, you would do:

// Shallow copy
var newObject = jQuery.extend({}, oldObject);

// Deep copy
var newObject = jQuery.extend(true, {}, oldObject);

More information can be found in the jQuery documentation.

I also want to note that the deep copy is actually much smarter than what is shown above – it’s able to avoid many traps (trying to deep extend a DOM element, for example). It’s used frequently in jQuery core and in plugins to great effect.

Second answer

Checkout this benchmark: http://jsben.ch/#/bWfk9

In my previous tests where speed was a main concern I found


to be the fastest way to deep clone an object (it beats out jQuery.extend with deep flag set true by 10-20%).

jQuery.extend is pretty fast when the deep flag is set to false (shallow clone). It is a good option, because it includes some extra logic for type validation and doesn’t copy over undefined properties, etc., but this will also slow you down a little.

If you know the structure of the objects you are trying to clone or can avoid deep nested arrays you can write a simple for (var i in obj) loop to clone your object while checking hasOwnProperty and it will be much much faster than jQuery.

Lastly if you are attempting to clone a known object structure in a hot loop you can get MUCH MUCH MORE PERFORMANCE by simply in-lining the clone procedure and manually constructing the object.

JavaScript trace engines suck at optimizing for..in loops and checking hasOwnProperty will slow you down as well. Manual clone when speed is an absolute must.

var clonedObject = {
  knownProp: obj.knownProp,

Beware using the JSON.parse(JSON.stringify(obj)) method on Date objects – JSON.stringify(new Date()) returns a string representation of the date in ISO format, which JSON.parse() doesn’t convert back to a Date object. See this answer for more details.

Additionally, please note that, in Chrome 65 at least, native cloning is not the way to go. According to this JSPerf, performing native cloning by creating a new function is nearly 800x slower than using JSON.stringify which is incredibly fast all the way across the board.

Third answer

Assuming that you have only variables and not any functions in your object, you can just use:

var newObject = JSON.parse(JSON.stringify(oldObject));
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