How to simulate a mouse click using JavaScript?

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I know about the document.form.button.click() method. However, I’d like to know how to simulate the onclick event.

I found this code somewhere here on Stack Overflow, but I don’t know how to use it 🙁

function contextMenuClick()
{
    var element= 'button'

    var evt = element.ownerDocument.createEvent('MouseEvents');

    evt.initMouseEvent('contextmenu', true, true,
         element.ownerDocument.defaultView, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, false,
         false, false, false, 1, null);

    element.dispatchEvent(evt);
}

How do I fire a mouse click event using JavaScript?

First answer

(Modified version to make it work without prototype.js)

function simulate(element, eventName)
{
    var options = extend(defaultOptions, arguments[2] || {});
    var oEvent, eventType = null;

    for (var name in eventMatchers)
    {
        if (eventMatchers[name].test(eventName)) { eventType = name; break; }
    }

    if (!eventType)
        throw new SyntaxError('Only HTMLEvents and MouseEvents interfaces are supported');

    if (document.createEvent)
    {
        oEvent = document.createEvent(eventType);
        if (eventType == 'HTMLEvents')
        {
            oEvent.initEvent(eventName, options.bubbles, options.cancelable);
        }
        else
        {
            oEvent.initMouseEvent(eventName, options.bubbles, options.cancelable, document.defaultView,
            options.button, options.pointerX, options.pointerY, options.pointerX, options.pointerY,
            options.ctrlKey, options.altKey, options.shiftKey, options.metaKey, options.button, element);
        }
        element.dispatchEvent(oEvent);
    }
    else
    {
        options.clientX = options.pointerX;
        options.clientY = options.pointerY;
        var evt = document.createEventObject();
        oEvent = extend(evt, options);
        element.fireEvent('on' + eventName, oEvent);
    }
    return element;
}

function extend(destination, source) {
    for (var property in source)
      destination[property] = source[property];
    return destination;
}

var eventMatchers = {
    'HTMLEvents': /^(?:load|unload|abort|error|select|change|submit|reset|focus|blur|resize|scroll)$/,
    'MouseEvents': /^(?:click|dblclick|mouse(?:down|up|over|move|out))$/
}
var defaultOptions = {
    pointerX: 0,
    pointerY: 0,
    button: 0,
    ctrlKey: false,
    altKey: false,
    shiftKey: false,
    metaKey: false,
    bubbles: true,
    cancelable: true
}

You can use it like this:

simulate(document.getElementById("btn"), "click");

Note that as a third parameter you can pass in ‘options’. The options you don’t specify are taken from the defaultOptions (see bottom of the script). So if you for example want to specify mouse coordinates you can do something like:

simulate(document.getElementById("btn"), "click", { pointerX: 123, pointerY: 321 })

You can use a similar approach to override other default options.

Credits should go to kangax. Here‘s the original source (prototype.js specific).

Second answer

An easier and more standard way to simulate a mouse click would be directly using the event constructor to create an event and dispatch it.

Though the MouseEvent.initMouseEvent() method is kept for backward compatibility, creating of a MouseEvent object should be done using the MouseEvent() constructor.

var evt = new MouseEvent("click", {
    view: window,
    bubbles: true,
    cancelable: true,
    clientX: 20,
    /* whatever properties you want to give it */
});
targetElement.dispatchEvent(evt);

Demo: http://jsfiddle.net/DerekL/932wyok6/

This works on all modern browsers. For old browsers including IE, MouseEvent.initMouseEvent will have to be used unfortunately though it’s deprecated.

var evt = document.createEvent("MouseEvents");
evt.initMouseEvent("click", canBubble, cancelable, view,
                   detail, screenX, screenY, clientX, clientY,
                   ctrlKey, altKey, shiftKey, metaKey,
                   button, relatedTarget);
targetElement.dispatchEvent(evt);

Third answer

From the Mozilla Developer Network (MDN) documentation, HTMLElement.click() is what you’re looking for. You can find out more events here.

Reprint:https://stackoverflow.com/questions/6157929/how-to-simulate-a-mouse-click-using-javascript
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