How to detect Safari, Chrome, IE, Firefox and Opera browser?

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I have 5 addons/extensions for FF, Chrome, IE, Opera, and Safari.

How can I recognize the user browser and redirect (once an install button has been clicked) to download the corresponding addon?

First answer

Googling for browser reliable detection often results in checking the User agent string. This method is not reliable, because it’s trivial to spoof this value.
I’ve written a method to detect browsers by duck-typing.

Only use the browser detection method if it’s truly necessary, such as showing browser-specific instructions to install an extension. Use feature detection when possible.

Demo: https://jsfiddle.net/311aLtkz/

// Opera 8.0+
var isOpera = (!!window.opr && !!opr.addons) || !!window.opera || navigator.userAgent.indexOf(' OPR/') >= 0;

// Firefox 1.0+
var isFirefox = typeof InstallTrigger !== 'undefined';

// Safari 3.0+ "[object HTMLElementConstructor]" 
var isSafari = /constructor/i.test(window.HTMLElement) || (function (p) { return p.toString() === "[object SafariRemoteNotification]"; })(!window['safari'] || (typeof safari !== 'undefined' && safari.pushNotification));

// Internet Explorer 6-11
var isIE = /*@cc_on!@*/false || !!document.documentMode;

// Edge 20+
var isEdge = !isIE && !!window.StyleMedia;

// Chrome 1 - 71
var isChrome = !!window.chrome && (!!window.chrome.webstore || !!window.chrome.runtime);

// Blink engine detection
var isBlink = (isChrome || isOpera) && !!window.CSS;

Analysis of reliability

The previous method depended on properties of the rendering engine (-moz-box-sizing and -webkit-transform) to detect the browser. These prefixes will eventually be dropped, so to make detection even more robust, I switched to browser-specific characteristics:

  • Internet Explorer: JScript’s Conditional compilation (up until IE9) and document.documentMode.
  • Edge: In Trident and Edge browsers, Microsoft’s implementation exposes the StyleMedia constructor. Excluding Trident leaves us with Edge.
  • Firefox: Firefox’s API to install add-ons: InstallTrigger
  • Chrome: The global chrome object, containing several properties including a documented chrome.webstore object.
    • Update 3 chrome.webstore is deprecated and undefined in recent versions
  • Safari: A unique naming pattern in its naming of constructors. This is the least durable method of all listed properties and guess what? In Safari 9.1.3 it was fixed. So we are checking against SafariRemoteNotification, which was introduced after version 7.1, to cover all Safaris from 3.0 and upwards.
  • Opera: window.opera has existed for years, but will be dropped when Opera replaces its engine with Blink + V8 (used by Chromium).
    • Update 1: Opera 15 has been released, its UA string looks like Chrome, but with the addition of “OPR”. In this version the chrome object is defined (but chrome.webstore isn’t). Since Opera tries hard to clone Chrome, I use user agent sniffing for this purpose.
    • Update 2: !!window.opr && opr.addons can be used to detect Opera 20+ (evergreen).
  • Blink: CSS.supports() was introduced in Blink once Google switched on Chrome 28. It’s of course, the same Blink used in Opera.

Successfully tested in:

  • Firefox 0.8 – 61
  • Chrome 1.0 – 71
  • Opera 8.0 – 34
  • Safari 3.0 – 10
  • IE 6 – 11
  • Edge – 20-42

Updated in November 2016 to include detection of Safari browsers from 9.1.3 and upwards

Updated in August 2018 to update the latest successful tests on chrome, firefox IE and edge.

Updated in January 2019 to fix chrome detection (because of the window.chrome.webstore depreciation) and include the latest successful tests on chrome.

Second answer

I know it may be overkill to use a lib for that, but just to enrich the thread, you could check is.js way of doing this:

is.firefox();
is.ie(6);
is.not.safari();

Third answer

In case anyone finds this useful, I’ve made Rob W’s answer into a function that returns the browser string rather than having multiple variables floating about. Since the browser also can’t really change without loading all over again, I’ve made it cache the result to prevent it from needing to work it out the next time the function is called.

/**
 * Gets the browser name or returns an empty string if unknown. 
 * This function also caches the result to provide for any 
 * future calls this function has.
 *
 * @returns {string}
 */
var browser = function() {
    // Return cached result if avalible, else get result then cache it.
    if (browser.prototype._cachedResult)
        return browser.prototype._cachedResult;

    // Opera 8.0+
    var isOpera = (!!window.opr && !!opr.addons) || !!window.opera || navigator.userAgent.indexOf(' OPR/') >= 0;

    // Firefox 1.0+
    var isFirefox = typeof InstallTrigger !== 'undefined';

    // Safari 3.0+ "[object HTMLElementConstructor]" 
    var isSafari = /constructor/i.test(window.HTMLElement) || (function (p) { return p.toString() === "[object SafariRemoteNotification]"; })(!window['safari'] || safari.pushNotification);

    // Internet Explorer 6-11
    var isIE = /*@cc_on!@*/false || !!document.documentMode;

    // Edge 20+
    var isEdge = !isIE && !!window.StyleMedia;

    // Chrome 1+
    var isChrome = !!window.chrome && !!window.chrome.webstore;

    // Blink engine detection
    var isBlink = (isChrome || isOpera) && !!window.CSS;

    return browser.prototype._cachedResult =
        isOpera ? 'Opera' :
        isFirefox ? 'Firefox' :
        isSafari ? 'Safari' :
        isChrome ? 'Chrome' :
        isIE ? 'IE' :
        isEdge ? 'Edge' :
        isBlink ? 'Blink' :
        "Don't know";
};

console.log(browser());

Reprint:https://stackoverflow.com/questions/9847580/how-to-detect-safari-chrome-ie-firefox-and-opera-browser
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