Capture HTML Canvas as gif/jpg/png/pdf?

  1. Home
  2. javascript
  3. Capture HTML Canvas as gif/jpg/png/pdf?

Is it possible to capture or print what’s displayed in an html canvas as an image or pdf?

I’d like to generate an image via canvas, and be able to generate a png from that image.

First answer

Oops. Original answer was specific to a similar question. This has been revised:

var canvas = document.getElementById("mycanvas");
var img    = canvas.toDataURL("image/png");

with the value in IMG you can write it out as a new Image like so:

document.write('<img src="'+img+'"/>');

Second answer

I thought I’d extend the scope of this question a bit, with some useful tidbits on the matter.

In order to get the canvas as an image, you should do the following:

var canvas = document.getElementById("mycanvas");
var image = canvas.toDataURL("image/png");

You can use this to write the image to the page:

document.write('<img src="'+image+'"/>');

Where “image/png” is a mime type (png is the only one that must be supported). If you would like an array of the supported types you can do something along the lines of this:

var imageMimes = ['image/png', 'image/bmp', 'image/gif', 'image/jpeg', 'image/tiff']; //Extend as necessary 
var acceptedMimes = new Array();
for(i = 0; i < imageMimes.length; i++) {
    if(canvas.toDataURL(imageMimes[i]).search(imageMimes[i])>=0) {
        acceptedMimes[acceptedMimes.length] = imageMimes[i];

You only need to run this once per page – it should never change through a page’s lifecycle.

If you wish to make the user download the file as it is saved you can do the following:

var canvas = document.getElementById("mycanvas");
var image = canvas.toDataURL("image/png").replace("image/png", "image/octet-stream"); //Convert image to 'octet-stream' (Just a download, really)
window.location.href = image;

If you’re using that with different mime types, be sure to change both instances of image/png, but not the image/octet-stream.
It is also worth mentioning that if you use any cross-domain resources in rendering your canvas, you will encounter a security error when you try to use the toDataUrl method.

Third answer

function exportCanvasAsPNG(id, fileName) {

    var canvasElement = document.getElementById(id);

    var MIME_TYPE = "image/png";

    var imgURL = canvasElement.toDataURL(MIME_TYPE);

    var dlLink = document.createElement('a'); = fileName;
    dlLink.href = imgURL;
    dlLink.dataset.downloadurl = [MIME_TYPE,, dlLink.href].join(':');

Spread the love

Related articles

Comments are closed.